YourApartments uses cookies to provide services and traffic analysis. By using this site, you agree.


The Habsburg dynasty

Ludwig Jagellon died in battle in 1526 and Ferdinand I of Habsburg took up the Czech throne, thus initiating the Habsburg rule over the country that lasted until 1918. Ferdinand strengthened the position of the king and firmly reinstated the Catholic religion in the country, which included the arrival of the Jesuits in Prague based upon his invitation. The seat of power moved to Vienna and the Prague Castle became more of a recreational site for the Habsburgs. It was reconstructed in the Renaissance style and the Royal Garden, the Belvedere, and the Ballgame Hall were added. Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, was crowned the Czech king in 1576 and moved his court back to Prague in 1583, thus promoting Prague to the imperial seat of power again. This era is sometimes referred to as Prague's Second Golden Age. Rudolf was obsessed with art and science, not spending much time on his royal duties, and made Prague the center of science and alchemy. It was during his reign that Prague earned its nickname "Magic Prague". Rudolf's court attracted scientists and artists from all over Europe, including astronomers Tycho de Brahe and Johannes Kepler. The legend of the Golem comes from that time, too.

Rudolf's successor Matthias attempted to deprive the Protestants of the few freedoms they were left with since the Habsburgs took the throne, and this oppression resulted in another Protestant uprising. The rebellion started with the Second Defenestration of Prague in 1618 when several Matthias' governors were thrown out of a window of the Prague Castle (they landed on a pile of garbage and survived). The protests culminated in the Battle of the White Mountain in 1620 in which the Protestants were severely defeated by the Habsburgs. The Battle of the White Mountain resulted in the Thirty Years' War that spread across Europe. 27 Protestant leaders were executed on the Old Town Square in May 1621 and all religions except Catholic were banned. The Czech language and national consciousness were suppressed for the next 150 years. Prague lost its importance and the Prague Castle deteriorated. This period in Czech history is referred to as the Dark Age.

Where to go for fun

Past events..

Mick Hucknall in Prague - European T..Wed, 27 Mar 2013 Mick Hucknall in Prague - European Tour 2013 Eros Ramazzotti in PragueMon, 8 Apr 2013 Eros Ramazzotti in Prague PINK - The Truth About Love Tour in ..Fri, 10 May 2013 PINK - The Truth About Love Tour in Prague Joe Cocker in PragueSun, 19 May 2013 Joe Cocker in Prague Bon Jovi - Because we can - Tour 201..Mon, 24 Jun 2013 Bon Jovi - Because we can - Tour 2013, Prague Roger Waters in Prague - The Wall Li..Wed, 7 Aug 2013 Roger Waters in Prague - The Wall Live 2013